|Name||Republic of Suriname|
The name Suriname was derived from a Taino (Arawak-speaking) indigenous people called Surinen, who inhabited the area hundreds of years before the arrival of European colonists.
How did Suriname get its name
In 1650, Lord Willoughby, the governor of Barbados, sent a small colonizing party to Suriname, which established 'Willoughbyland' consisted of around 30,000 acres and Fort Willoughby (now called 'Paramaribo'). When the territory was taken over by the Dutch, it became part of a group of colonies known as Dutch Guiana. It became the independent Republic of Suriname on November 25, 1975.
What is Suriname's former name?
By area, Suriname is the smallest country in the South American continent
About 80% of the land surface of Suriname is covered by tropical rainforests
The coat of arms of Suriname was adopted on November 25, 1975. The motto reads Justitia – Pietas – Fides (“Justice – Piety – Fidelity”). It further consists of two natives who carry a shield. The left half of the shield symbolizes the past, as slaves were abducted via ship out of Africa. The right half, the side of the present, shows a Royal palm, also the symbol of a just person ("The just person should blossom like a palm"). The diamond in the middle is the stylized form of the heart, which is regarded as the organ of love. The points of the diamond show the four directions of the wind. Inside the diamond is a five-pointed star. This star symbolizes the five continents from which the inhabitants of Suriname migrated: Africa, America, Australia, Asia, and Europe.
Justice – Piety – Fidelity
Dutch is the only official language of Suriname. Over 60% of the population speaks Dutch as a mother tongue. It is the only Dutch-speaking country in South America as well as the only independent nation in the Americas where Dutch is spoken by a majority of the population.
Only Dutch-speaking country in SA